Uveitis is a condition that occurs when the middle layer of tissue behind the white of the eye becomes inflamed. Although, a range of contributing factors from eye injury, inflammatory diseases, and bacterial or fungal infections to exposure to toxic chemicals are associated with uveitis there are many cases for which the exact cause of the problem remains unknown. Furthermore, the symptoms experienced by an individual with uveitis depend upon whether the inflammation is located in the anterior, middle or posterior region of the uvea or occurs more diffusely throughout all the areas of the uvea. And, while anterior uveitis is frequently categorized by sensitivity to light, decreased visual acuity, eye pain and red eyes, individuals with intermediate or poster uveitis may suffer from blurred vision and floaters without any overt pain.
As ophthalmologists, our goals are to alleviate any discomfort as well as to prevent any vision loss due to any inflammation or the complications that arise from the condition. With early diagnosis and treatment we can help control uveitis to prevent blurry, reduced sight, and support vision recovery. The prognosis depends upon the type and severity of the uveitis as well as your compliance in following all recommendations for care.
In terms of medications, your treatment all depends upon the specifics of your case and response to care. In some situations, anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed as eye drops or taken via other methods of delivery. If an infection is present, antibiotics or antiviral drugs can be employed separately or in conjunction with anti-inflammatory agents. Moreover, when both eyes are involved, and the condition is resistant to other types of medications, immune-suppressive or cytotoxic drugs might be used. Sometimes, surgical procedures to treat and manage uveitis also offer a valid option in care. Of course, if another underlying illness precipitated the uveitis, treatment will involve addressing the medical requirements of that condition.
At University Ophthalmology, we provide skilled and experienced care to address all your eye health and vision care needs.